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history of soi soila "kirat civilization"

 History of Soisoila'

 How did the origin of 'Soisoila', a song sung by the Kirantis when they dance Sakela, i.e. the song of Sakela song? Even though a lot of recordings or videos of Sakela songs have been produced, only a few people have tried to find a concrete and authentic answer to this question. It is imperative that the young generation pay attention to the historical search and research of these seemingly small, but seriously related topics with the entire Kirati civilization. 

 According to Mundum researcher Bhogiraj Chamling, it is important to explain 'Soisoila' in connection with history. 

The story of 'Soisoila' is popular in the geography from Sunuwar to Bantwa Rais. According to the Sunuwars, a Kiranti king named Budahopo used to rule in Banepa region. He was an expert in Mundum. When he was king, his dynasty had a golden bird called 'Homa Chiri'. However, when the share was distributed, there was a quarrel between the king and his brothers about how to divide it. After that, the bird was surprised that there was a dispute because of him and said "I will disappear" and disappeared. Chamling says, "The fact that the Kiratis had a golden bird means that the Kiratis were very prosperous."   However, Budahopo is presented as a Kirati king in this story. The Rais know the same 'Budahopo' by two names. Budhahang means Budhahang. It is also found that some say Budhahong. The sound of Budha has changed to Khaskaran and Budha has changed. It covers the entire renters,'' Chamling's analysis is. 

The goldsmiths say that Budahang was the king of Banepa, while the Rais explain it as the king of Dolakha. However, the explanation of historians that the Kiratis ruled in Dolakha has remained. At the request of Nepal and Asian Research Center, Tribhuvan University, District Development Committee, Dolakha published the first edition in 031 and the second edition in 059. found        

For example, the practice of mentioning the names of the ancient rulers of Dolakha by Thami in the context of Khadgayatra in Dasain, by Nike in the context of planting in Nitpuri can be shown. In that context, the names of 'Hi Hai Raja, Sui Sui Raja, Golma Raja' etc. are mentioned first and finally the name of the present Gaddinsin Shri 5 Maharajdhiraj is mentioned. It is possible that there is some truth in the matter as it has been passed down as a tradition. Perhaps, since it seems to us that Anushruti goes on even in a hypothetical form, Anushruti cannot be taken as proof without having a basis to prove such Anushruti.

 However, looking at the geographical position of Dolakha, it is not impossible to assume that the rule of the Kirant family caste had existed in this area for some time. The word 'Thar' has become special. From this, it is indicated that the Newar class lived in Dolakha Bhek as administrators and traders, the original inhabitants of this place were Kirat class. Another fact that proves this statement is the place named 'Kirati Chapa' near Charikot in Dolakha. Kirati scholars argue that this place is called 'Kirati seal' because the Kiratis settled in this area while moving east after being defeated by the Lichchavis. The explanation of Kirat Rai has been that it became 'Dolakha' from the word 'Dolokumma'. According to the interpretation of the Sunuwars, there was a king named 'Dokkha Honpo' and from there the name 'Dolkha' came to be. In any case, researchers say that 'Dolakha' was established from the word of Kirati language.

According to Bhogiraj Chamling, although there are different interpretations of Budahang depending on the geography, its interpretation is more authoritative by the goldsmiths. More authority is in the interpretation of the hearers. Because the Sunuwars are more closely related to this geography,' explains Chamling, 'in my study, Budahang should be Banepa. And, according to the legend of the Sunuwars, after the Licchavis defeated the Kiratis, a ruler of the Kiratis left Kathmandu and went east. This story confirms this historical thing told in Mundum. And, it is said that they have been displaced from there again. This is how we should look at Budahang, who is connected with Soisoila.'

According to Mundum, Budahang had two wives. Siltang Kupma and Wasang Kupma. Siltang Kupma was adept at picking sili. 

Every year at the time of Sakela, the Budahang used to weave a snake-like garter. A girl named Soisoila used to tie the garment according to the custom of wearing it by a girl. Once, during the grand ceremony of Sakelo, Soisoila had to put a dolo (sripech/pagari/feta) on his brother's head. Soisoila put the dolo she had prepared to put on her head above her brother's shoulder. However, suddenly, at that time, she started having menstrual discharge. After the menstrual discharge, Soisoila disappeared from there without putting a dolo on her brother's head out of shame. 

So where did her sister go after Soisoila disappeared? Budahopo and all the participants there started searching. No matter how hard he searched, he couldn't find it, he called out in a rhythm saying, 'Do dolokumma do (pick it up and put it on) Soisoila, where did you go to put the dolokumma on, Soisoila?' Soisoila did not come even when called in the same rhythm. The ancestors say that after the missing girl did not come back, the word 'Soisoila' became a part of the old song in memory of that girl.


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