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Who are kirati’s? Kirat Civilization


Who are kirati’s?

#vintage #khambu #yakthung Kirat/Kirant is not only a dynasty, culture or a tradition but It is a whole civilization . According to some historians Kirati people came in Nepal around 723 B.C and immediately established Kirat/Kirant dynasty.

Kirat are mentioned in early Sanskrit literature as hunter tribes from the Himalayas. Beside that a archaeological study programme between Nepal and Russia, uncovered Kirat Stone-age tools and other artifacts from approximately 30,000 B.C.

Who are kirati's?

Kirat consist of mainly 11 ethnic groups. They are:

1. The hayu 

2.The jirel 

3.The Thami 

4.The Yakkha 

5.The Surel 

6.The Sunuwar 

7.The Limbu 

8The Rai 

9.The Dhimal 

10.The Meche/koche

11.The Rajbanshi

others(Tamang,Sherpa,Magar,Gurung,lepcha,Tharu,Raute,kusunda) Kirati people are known the worshipper of nature and pray nature as god. Mundhum is the holy book of kirat.


Kirati people celebrate Sakela(Ubhauli and Ubhauli), Yeledong etc. These festivals are known by different names accroding to the respective caste or ethnic group. During the festival of Sakela kirati people gather together and perform different varieties of folk dance called Sakela sili.

Kirati people mostly live in eastern region of Nepal and some part of present India, bhutan, myanmar. Present situation of kirat and this group. In the present context kirati culture, tradition, religion and history are in the verse of extinction. The present and future generation is unknown about our own religion,culture,history and so on.

So this page is created with the aim to help to preserve and protect the kirati culture, tradition, religion and history by sharing some information and creating awareness among ourselves and others.


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The real ancient name of the world's highest peak in this ancient Kirat land in Nepal is Chomolungma. Mt Everest and Sagarmatha is not ancient name.

 (The name of the highest peak is not Sagarmatha and Mount Everest, but its ancient original name Chomolungma.)  There is no doubt that the oldest human civilization in Nepal is the Kirat civilization. In the process, the hunter age started the agricultural age. Plants, plants, animals, etc. were increasing their closeness with nature, Kirati people were familiar with this nature in the most ancient times. Therefore, Kirati people gave ancient original names to all things in the nature of this ancient Kirat land of Nepal in Kirati language. .  But when people of Bharopeli population including Lichchavi, Malla, Sen, Shah entered Nepal from the Indian side of the ancient Kirat Land and occupied the kingdom of the Kirats in the ancient Kirat Bhumi Nepal. Shaktipith worshiped by Nadinala Kirats The people of certain communities who are close to the state power and the state power continued to engage in religious and cultural encroachment and usurpation by connecting them with their languag

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 ( किरात सभ्यताकालिन ऐतिहासिक,दरबारहरु,गढिहरु, किरातीहरुले पुज्ने शक्तिपिठ माङहरु किरात ऐतिहासिक तथा सांस्कृतिक स्थलहरु कहा कहा अतिक्रमण भएका छन? पढौ) Kirat Civilization   नेपालमा प्राचिनकालमा किरातीहरुले नै मानव सभ्यताको विकास सुरुवात गरेका थिए भन्ने ईतिहासमा उल्लेख छ।यो भुमिमा प्राचीन किरात मानव सभ्यता तथा किरात इतिहासबाट नै नेपालको आधिकारीक इतिहासको सुरु हुन्छ भनेर ईतिहासमा पाईन्छ।त्यसैले प्राचिन किरात सभ्यता,इतिहास जति नै नेपाली सभ्यता र इतिहास पनि प्राचीन रहेको देखिन्छ। यो प्राचीन भुमी नेपालमा किरातकालमा मानव सभ्यता विकासको क्रममा किरातहरुले स्थापना गरेको सभ्यता,ईतिहास,किरातीहरुले अपनाएको शाषनप्रणाली,न्याय प्रणाली,खानपान प्रणाली,कृषी प्रणाली,औषधि उपचार विधि,औजार उपकरण विधि,संस्कार-संस्कृति र दर्शन नै नेपाली सभ्यता,ईतिहास,शाषनप्रणाली,खानपान प्रणाली,कृषि प्रणाली,औषधिउपचार विधि,औजार उपकरण विधि,संस्कृति वा दर्शनको प्रवेशद्वार हो भन्ने ईतिहासकारहरुको मान्यता रहेको छ। तर प्राचीन नेपालमा किरातीहरुले नै मानव सभ्यताको विकास सुरुवात गरेका थिए भन्ने ईतिहास लाई प्रमाणित गर्ने आधारहरु ति किरात

kirat community where the guests must drink their liguor immediately after they are served

 Torempa is an ancient Kirati man.He prefers much liquor(wasim/ummak). According to amyth, Torempa is hosted by his relatives angpa-angma(samdhi-samdhini) with liquor. But he does not seem to be content with the liquor. Tormpa put his head in the pot of liquoras angpa-angma were out of their house. He could not take out his head from the lid of the pot which made him died there itself. So there is a belief in the kirati community where the spirt of Tormpa hunts the people in the form of dizziness and stomach paining. indeed, there is a ritual practice in the kirat community where the guests must drink their liguor immediately after they are served, otherwise Torempa might suffer spiritually.